Intelligent transport systems (ITS) include:
- basic management systems such as car navigation, traffic signal control systems, variable message signs, automatic number plate recognition or speed cameras
- monitoring applications, such as security CCTV systems
- more advanced applications that integrate live data and feedback from a number of sources, such as parking guidance
- predictive techniques that allow advanced modelling and comparison with historical data.
Development of a National ITS Architecture is listed as a priority action in the Policy Framework for ITS in Australia 2012 endorsed by Australia’s Transport and Infrastructure Council.
Austroads has completed Stage 1 of this initiative by recommending a reference ITS architecture.
The architecture will enable Australian transport agencies and industry to deploy ITS in a consistent, interoperable way and deliver road safety, mobility and environmental outcomes for road transport users including private, freight and public transport modes.
National ITS Architecture Content Meta-model
Assessment of many international ITS architectures identified the European ITS Framework Architecture (usually called the "FRAME Architecture" or often just "FRAME") as the best basis for the Australian national ITS architecture.
ITS Architecture Roadmap
Austroads is progressing the national ITS architecture with the development of an ITS Architecture Roadmap and Transition Planning for road agencies to inform the future customisation of FRAME content for local requirements.
The need for a national ITS architecture is even more critical with the potential emergence of Co-operative ITS (C-ITS) applications such as “emergency brake light” between vehicles, and intersection safety between vehicles and infrastructure. In this respect, C-ITS will open up the next frontier of ITS to enhance safety, productivity, efficiency and environmental benefits beyond what has been currently made available through ITS.